Egypt J Pediatr Allergy Immunol, (April 2020), Volume No. 18, Issue 01  
Egypt J Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2020 ; 18 ( 01 ) : 25 - 34
, ESP - 295  
Original articles
Health-related quality of life assessment using EQ-5D-Y questionnaire in a group of Egyptian asthmatic children
Elham M. Hossny   Rasha H. El-Owaidy   Batoul M. Abdel Raouf   Samia Aboajela A. Innajih      
Background: Asthma, as a common chronic illness, negatively influences children's quality of life. We sought to investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a sample of Egyptian asthmatic children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Unit of Ain Shams University, including three groups of age and gender-matched children, aged 6-12 years; an asthma group (n=100), non-asthmatic group with respiratory tract infections (n=114), and a healthy control group (n=100). The EQ-5D-Y questionnaire was used to evaluate the HRQoL in each study group. This questionnaire also comprises a visual analogue scale (VAS) which is scored from zero (worst) to 100 (best) as judged by the patient. Results: HRQoL assessment revealed that 86% of the asthmatic children faced problems with their daily activities, 43 % had worries, sadness and unhappiness and 22% had mobility problems (walking around). Thirteen percent of the cases expressed some pain or discomfort due to their disease, while self-care was the least affected (6%). Parameters of mobility, doing usual activities, feeling worried or sad were more frequently affected among the asthmatics in comparison to the other two groups (X2 = 37.02, 46.38, 22.90, respectively with p <0.001). Enrolled asthmatic children showed the lowest values of visual analogue scale (VAS) scores (mean ± SD: 72.2 ± 24.6) in comparison to the infection and healthy control groups (mean ± SD: 84.6 ± 12, 92.8 ± 9.6, respectively; f = 39.03; p value = 0.001). Conclusion: Asthma has a significant adverse impact on HRQoL of children and the EQ-5D-Y questionnaire could be an applicable instrument to measure their quality of life.